Mauritius Geography… Mauritius is located in the Indian Ocean, north of the Tropic of Capricorn. Mauritius Geography is around eight hundred and fifty five kilometres away from the east coast of Madagascar.
The latitude of Mauritius is 20°17′S and longitude 57°33′E. Mauritius Island has been formed approximately ten million years ago by a volcanic eruption under the sea. Mauritius, Rodrigues and Reunion are island that have been formed by the eruption. But there is no active volcano in Mauritius.
On Reunion Island there is one active volcano known as Piton de La Fournaise. Mauritius, Rodrigues and Reunion form part of the Mascarene Islands. Mauritius Island is surrounded with about three hundred and thirty kilometres of coast which is protected almost everywhere by coral reefs. Mauritius is a quite mountainous island but not with very high mountains. The highest mount in Mauritius is Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire which has a height of eight hundred and twenty eight metres, then there is Pieter Both with a height of eight hundred and twenty three metres and Le Pouce which is eight hundred and twelve metres high.
The total land surface of Mauritius is around two thousand and forty square kilometres which includes Rodrigues, Agalega Islands and Cargados Carajos Shoals. But Mauritius is also surrounded by very islands which some of them are used as natural reserves for the protection of endangered species. Before the discovery of Mauritius, it was an island covered with a dense forest. The dodo a native flightless bird was also to be found on the island, the dodo is now an extinct species.
The dodo was an easy prey for hunters as it was fat and could not run very fast.
Most of the dodos have been hunted by the Dutch sailors who settled in Mauritius for a while. The rest of dodos were the prey of pigs, rats and monkeys introduced in Mauritius by the sailors. Mauritius has a tropical climate which makes it a perfect destination for holidays. The summer months in Mauritius is from November to April and winter months is from May to October. The natural resources of Mauritius are fish and arable land. Mauritius lives mainly from sugar production, tourism and textile industries.
Mauritius Island has first been discovered by the Arabs sailors as Mauritius was situated was on trade way. The first people to settle on Mauritius Island were the Portuguese, and then came the Dutch. The name of the island was given by the Dutch after Prince Maurice de Nassau. The French settled on the island as from 1710 and they were those who developed Mauritius. Mahé de Labourdonnais is known as the founder of Port Louis. At this time Mauritius was called Ile de France. And the last colony having possessed Mauritius were the British.
The people living in Mauritius are known as Mauritian. Mauritius got independence in 1968 and became a republic in 1992.
The official name of the island is Republic of Mauritius. The capital city is Port Louis which is also the largest city of Mauritius. Some of the main towns of Mauritius are Curepipe, Quatre Bornes, Beau Bassin, and Rose Hill.
Mauritius is a country with different ethnic; Mauritius is a real melting pot of culture and religion. The main population of Mauritius is composed of Hindus, the rest are Creoles, Muslim and Chinese.
Sega is the well known music from Mauritius which comes probably from the African slaves who were brought on the island to work During the year 1835 slavery has been abolished.
Mauritius attracts a large number of tourists every year from all over the world. Mauritius is a relaxing place with white sand beaches all around the island and blue lagoon.
Mauritius has large number of places to visit, if you like eco-tourism you will be served.